Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), a hormonal disorder affects women in the reproductive age group. Symptoms include irregular menstruation, excessive facial hair, weight gain, mood swings, insulin resistance etc. These symptoms are a result of the imbalance in female hormones and a higher level of androgens. The hormonal disturbance results in growth of cysts in the ovaries. Women with PCOS find it difficult to conceive.
Though there is no complete cure for this disorder, PCOS can be effectively managed based on the functioning of your endocrine system. Best approach to deal with PCOS is explained here.
Indulge in physical activity: Try to include moderate to vigorous physical activity in your daily routine. Walking is also good if you cannot indulge in other physical activities. This promotes weight loss and helps balance your hormones and regulate menstrual cycle. Lifestyle changes go a long way in curing PCOS.
Eat healthy food: Visit a dietician and plan your intake of food. Preferably, eat lot of fruits and vegetables and cut down on foods high in saturated and trans fat.
Foods that you should avoid are:
- High Glycemic Index (GI) foods to regulate blood sugar levels
- Dairy products to prevent increase in testosterone levels
- Soy products to avoid delay in ovulation
Consult your doctor about medications: Medications are available to control the hormonal imbalance that causes PCOS. These are mainly birth control pills. Your doctor may prescribe these pills if you are not planning to get pregnant. For women who are infertile because of PCOS, doctors prescribe fertility drugs that aid ovulation. Anti-androgen drugs help in reducing male hormones. Your doctor will suggest the best medication that suits your condition.
Check out the possibility of surgery: Surgery is the last option but effective for women who suffer for a long time and with large ovaries. Laparoscopic surgery with the help of laser to destroy the abnormal tissue is effective to cure PCOS. But this surgery carries its own risks.
To know more about how to manage PCOS, book for a consultation at Noble Hospitals.