The way you feel when you wake up in the morning decides most of the activities that you do through the day. If you havent slept well you are most likely to feel sluggish, less productive in work, and end up making mistakes. Sleep plays an important role in determining your overall health. Sleep disturbance, medically called sleep apnea, can occur because of three major reasons.
Reasons for sleep disturbance
Physical discomfort: If a person suffers from any type of physical discomfort, it can lead to sleep apnea. Some of the most common reasons for physical discomfort are:
- Burning sensation in the feet
- Breathing difficulty
- Burning sensation in the chest
- Gastric issues
- Pain in the anus
- Diabetic neuropathy of the feet
- Abscess or pus collection anywhere in the body causing pain
- Bone fracture
These reasons lead to discomfort preventing a person from having sound sleep. These physical conditions to be rectified to ensure good sleep. If still the person suffers from sleep disorder, then the psychological state of the person needs to be assessed.
Psychological reasons: Psychological trauma or pain because of any event in life can also disturb sleep causing sleep apnea. Some of the most common causes of psychological distress include:
- Loss of loved one
- Accident and damages due to that either physically or financially
- Natural or man-made disasters
- Losses in business or loss of job
- Disappointments in relationship
- Problems at work place
Thoughts related to these reasons can keep a person awake and prevent him or her from having peaceful sleep. Such people require counseling to overcome their emotional problems or even administering anti-depressants or anti-anxiety medicines.
Obesity: Obese individuals do not get good sleep because of the thickness of neck. People generally sleep superficially in the initial few hours and then fall into deep sleep. Deep sleep is similar to coma sleep, the tongue falls back into the throat and airway narrows down because of the loss of muscle tone. Some people snore because of the loss of streamlined flow of air into the lungs and the throat. This causes low levels of oxygen and there are periods of no breathing called apnea. Apnea refers to the saturation of oxygen level. Obese individuals never enter into deep sleep state.
For obesity related sleep apnea the patient is asked to sleep in an upward position where the tongue does not fall into the throat. Patients are asked to turn sideways and sleep to facilitate easier breathing and thereby promote sleep. But some patients may require the help of a sleep app machine. This machine is used for those people who are unable to shed weight. The sleep app machine involves a mask that is placed on the patient ensuring a good push of air into the system, facilitating good sleep.
For obese people, bariatric surgery is also recommended to reduce weight and to ensure better breathing. Losing weight makes the body lighter and helps the person relax and sleep.
Importance of Sleep Study
The best way to assess sleep is by conducting a sleep study. Sleep study is a procedure where the patient is asked to lie down and some wires and electrodes are attached to the body and connected to a machine. This machine measures the level of oxygen, studies breathing pattern, the flow of air, and the depth of the patients sleep.
Sleep study helps ascertain the apnea hypopnea index, which is an index used to indicate the severity of sleep apnea. If the ratio is below 20 or 25 or more, then it indicates poor sleep quality. Even if the patient states that he or she has slept well without moving, it does not indicate deep sleep. Sleep study is more about the REM-Rapid Eye Movement and Non-REM sleep.
If a person does not have required hours of sleep, in the long run it will lead to faster ageing, emotional instability, depression, bad food habits, sexual disorders, hypertension, diabetes, weight gain, and other health complications.
Good quality sleep is the most important requirement for good health. Talk to us at Noble Hospitals if you require any assistance on sleep disorders.